A Critical System

Your endocrine system is a complex and important part of the body that regulates various processes via hormones. Our hormones can affect nearly every part of our body and can be critical for survival. They help control metabolism, reproduction, bones, mood, temperature, sleep, blood pressure, and growth. Endocrinologists help patients by diagnosing and treating diseases related to hormonal imbalances.

Testing and Diagnosis

Endocrine disorders can be extremely complex. Doctors often use medical history, physical exams, and lab tests to help make a diagnosis and create a care plan.



Diabetes is the most common endocrine disorder in the U.S., affecting more than 10 percent of the population. Endocrinologists monitor glucose levels and other health indicators to help patients learn how to manage diabetes, and guide overall treatments.

Thyroid Disorders

Some of the most common conditions that endocrinologists treat are related to the thyroid, including goiter, thyroid masses, hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. Symptoms of hyperthyroidism (overproduction of thyroid hormone) include unexplained weight loss, mood swings, weakness, accelerated heart rate, sleep problems, and fatigue. Symptoms of hypothyroidism (thyroid underproduction) include fatigue, depression, weight gain, cold sensitivity, and weakness.

Adrenal Disorders

Adrenal insufficiency like Addison’s disease can be life-threatening if not properly diagnosed and managed, but can be easily diagnosed with lab tests and effectively treated with hormonal therapy. Cushing’s Disease occurs when the body has too much cortisol. It can be diagnosed with lab tests and treated based on a review of its cause.

Other Conditions

Endocrinologists treat a number of other conditions, including pituitary gland disorders, osteopenia/osteoporosis, polycystic ovarian Syndrome (PCOS), menstrual disorders, obesity, and hormonal blood pressure diseases.