Yes. Family history, lifestyle choices, pregnancy and heavy lifting may contribute to an increased risk of developing a hernia.
If the weakening of muscle or tissue is not repaired, the intestine can become “stuck” within the defect leading to a life-threatening situation.
In most cases, the surgery does not require an over-night stay and patients can return to work within days.
Femoral hernia also known as Femorocele occurs when a portion of tissue pushes through the wall of the femoral canal (the medial and smallest of the three compartments of the femoral sheath, which is located just below the inguinal ligament in the groin). A femoral hernia appears as a bulge near the groin or thigh.
Women are more likely than men to suffer from a femoral hernia. Most femoral hernias do not cause symptoms. However, they can occasionally lead to severe problems if the hernia obstructs and blocks blood flow to the intestines. This is called a strangulated hernia, which is a medical emergency and requires prompt surgery.
A hiatal hernia may occur when a small portion of the stomach pushes upward through the diaphragm (a muscle separating the lungs from the abdomen). Normally the entire stomach is located below the diaphragm. The esophagus passes through the hiatus (an opening in the diaphragm) before it enters the stomach. Weakened tissues of the hiatus and around the hiatus allow a hiatal hernia to develop.
Hiatal hernia usually doesn’t cause any symptoms, but it increases the risk of stomach acid backing up into the esophagus (reflux), which can lead to heartburn.
A hiatal hernia that is not causing symptoms does not usually need any treatment. Heartburn-causing hiatal hernias are usually treated in the same as for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). The treatment may include lifestyle changes, non-prescription antacids, acid reducers, or acid blockers, prescription medicines, or, in severe cases, surgery.
A ventral hernia appears as a bulge of tissue through an opening in the abdominal wall muscles. It may occur at any location on the abdominal wall. A strangulated ventral hernia refers to intestinal tissue getting caught within a ventral hernia. This condition is a medical emergency.
According to research, surgery is the only way to effectively repair a hernia and provide lasting relief of hernia-related symptoms. Hernias will not heal without surgery. Hernia repair surgery is a routine medical procedure, which is considered routine. Consider these facts:
At West Suburban Medical Center, we offer the following approaches to hernia repair surgery:
The surgeon makes a small incision in the skin near the hernia bulge to allow the surgeon a direct view of the hernia. After the hernia is repaired, the incision is closed with sutures.
Minimally Invasive or Laparoscopic Surgery
During this type of surgery, the surgeon makes two to four small incisions in the abdomen and inserts surgical instruments and a camera into them. Next, the abdomen is inflated to allow the surgeon has sufficient space to work inside the patient’s body. The surgeon views the surgical site on a television screen connected to the camera inside the body and uses specialized instruments to repair the hernia. Once the repair is complete, the gas used to inflate the patient’s abdomen is released and the abdomen returns to normal.
Complex Hernia Repair Surgery
This may involve removing a large abdominal panniculus (a dense layer of fatty tissue growth) or tummy tuck, in addition to repairing the abdominal muscles so that they function properly.
Tension-Free Hernia Repair
At West Suburban Medical Center, we offer patients a “tension-free” hernia repair by using special material called mesh. The mesh allows the surgeon to “patch” the gap in the tissue with few sutures instead of connecting tissue together with multiple sutures. The patch may consist of polypropylene or biologic tissue.